The Associated Press
Highlight in History:
On Oct. 23, 1942, during World War II, Britain launched a major offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein in Egypt, resulting in an Allied victory.
On this date
In 1862, King Otto of Greece was deposed in a revolt.
In 1915, tens of thousands of women marched in New York City, demanding the right to vote.
In 1932, comedian Fred Allen began his first regular radio show for CBS, “The Linit Bath Club Revue.”
In 1935, mobster Dutch Schultz, 34, was shot and mortally wounded with three other men during a gangland hit at the Palace Chophouse in Newark, N.J. (Schultz died the next day.)
In 1954, West Germany was invited to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which it did the following year.
In 1956, a student-sparked revolt against Hungary’s Communist rule began; as the revolution spread, Soviet forces started entering the country, and the uprising was put down within weeks.
In 1972, the musical “Pippin” opened on Broadway.
In 1980, the resignation of Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin (koh-SEE’-gihn) was announced.
In 1983, 241 U.S. service members, most of them Marines, were killed in a suicide truck-bombing at Beirut International Airport in Lebanon; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.
In 1987, the U.S. Senate rejected, 58-42, the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork.
In 1995, a jury in Houston convicted Yolanda Saldivar of murdering Tejano singing star Selena. (Saldivar is serving a life prison sentence.)
Ten years ago
Gunmen seized a crowded Moscow theater, taking hundreds hostage and threatening to kill their captives unless the Russian army pulled out of Chechnya. President George W. Bush signed the biggest military spending increase since Ronald Reagan’s administration — a $355.5 billion package. Broadway librettist Adolph Green died in New York at age 87. The San Francisco Giants edged the Anaheim Angels, 4-3, to tie the World Series at two games each.
Five years ago
Evacuations due to out-of-control wildfires in Southern California topped 500,000; President George W. Bush declared a federal emergency for seven counties. Shuttle Discovery and its crew of seven thundered into orbit for a complex space station construction mission.
One year ago
Libya’s interim rulers declared the country liberated, formally marking the end of Moammar Gadhafi’s 42-year tyranny. A 7.2-magnitude earthquake strikes eastern Turkey, killing some 600 people. Tim Tebow rallied the Broncos for two touchdowns in the final 2:44 of the fourth quarter to force overtime, and Matt Prater’s 52-yard field goal gave Denver an improbable 18-15 victory over the stunned Miami Dolphins. The Texas Rangers evened the World Series at two games apiece.