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March 2, 2014

Today in History for Sunday, March 2, 2014

-- — Highlight in History

On March 2, 1939, Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected pope on his 63rd birthday; he took the name Pius XII.

On this date

In 1793, the first president of the Republic of Texas, Sam Houston, was born near Lexington, Va.

In 1836, the Republic of Texas declared its independence from Mexico.

In 1861, the state of Texas, having seceded from the Union, was admitted to the Confederacy.

In 1877, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, even though Tilden had won the popular vote.

In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship as President Woodrow Wilson signed the Jones-Shafroth Act.

In 1939, the Massachusetts legislature voted to ratify the Bill of Rights, 147 years after the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution had gone into effect. (Georgia and Connecticut soon followed.) John Ford’s classic Western “Stagecoach,” starring Claire Trevor and John Wayne, opened in New York.

In 1942, the original Stage Door Canteen, a wartime club for U.S. servicemen, officially opened its doors in New York’s Broadway theater district.

In 1944, “Casablanca” won best picture, best director and best screenplay at the Academy Awards ceremony in Los Angeles. Jennifer Jones (whose 25th birthday it was) received the best actress award for “The Song of Bernadette” while Paul Lukas won best actor for “Watch on the Rhine.”

In 1951, the East beat the West, 111-94, in the first NBA All-Star Game, which took place at Boston Garden.

In 1962, Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points for the Philadelphia Warriors in a game against the New York Knicks, an NBA record that still stands. (Philadelphia won, 169-147.)

In 1972, the United States launched the Pioneer 10 space probe, which flew past Jupiter in late 1973, sending back images and scientific data.

In 1989, representatives from the 12 European Community nations agreed to ban all production of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) by the end of the 20th century.

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