Valdosta Daily Times

National, International News

December 1, 2013

Today in History for Sunday, Dec. 1, 2013

-- — Highlight in History

On Dec. 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Ala., city bus. Mrs. Parks was arrested, sparking a year-long boycott of the buses by blacks.

On this date

In 1824, the presidential election was turned over to the U.S. House of Representatives when a deadlock developed between John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay. (Adams ended up the winner.)

In 1860, the Charles Dickens novel “Great Expectations” was first published in weekly serial form.

In 1913, the first drive-in automobile service station, built by Gulf Refining Company, opened in Pittsburgh.

In 1941, Japan’s Emperor Hirohito approved waging war against the United States, Britain and the Netherlands.

In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded their Tehran conference.

In 1958, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical “Flower Drum Song” opened on Broadway.

In 1969, the U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II.

In 1973, David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister, died in Tel Aviv at age 87.

In 1989, in an extraordinary encounter, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.

In 1992, in Mineola, N.Y., Amy Fisher was sentenced to 5 to 15 years in prison for shooting and seriously wounding Mary Jo Buttafuoco. (Fisher served seven years.)

In 2000, Vicente Fox was sworn in as president of Mexico, ending 71 years of ruling-party domination.

Ten years ago

India and Pakistan agreed to restore airline overflight and landing rights by Jan. 1st, 2004. Boeing Company chairman and chief executive Phil Condit resigned unexpectedly. U.S. Representative Bill Janklow went on trial in Flandreau, S.D., charged with manslaughter in the death of a motorcylist who’d collided with his automobile. (Janklow was convicted and served 100 days in jail.)

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