Highlight in History
On April 20, 1914, the Ludlow Massacre took place when the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a tent colony of striking miners; about 20 (accounts vary) strikers, women and children died in the gunfire or were smothered by smoke from the burning tents.
On this date
In 1861, Col. Robert E. Lee resigned his commission in the United States Army. (Lee went on to command the Army of Northern Virginia, and eventually became general-in-chief of the Confederate forces.)
In 1889, Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria.
In 1945, during World War II, allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.
In 1999, the Columbine High School massacre took place in Colorado as two students, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, shot and killed 12 classmates and one teacher before taking their own lives.
In 2010, an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil platform, leased by BP, killed 11 workers and began spewing an estimated 200 million gallons of crude into the Gulf of Mexico for nearly three months.
Ten years ago
A tornado tore through north-central Illinois, killing eight people. A judge ordered Multnomah County, Ore., to stop issuing same-sex marriage licenses — but also ordered the state to recognize the 3,000 licenses already granted in the county.
Five years ago
In Geneva, the United Nations opened its first anti-racism conference in eight years; dozens of Western diplomats walked out as Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called Israel the “most cruel and repressive racist regime.” (Nine countries, including the United States and Israel, were already boycotting the conference.) Medical student Philip Markoff was arrested in the death of Julissa Brisman, a masseuse he’d met through Craigslist and whose body was found in a Boston hotel. (Markoff, who also was accused of robbing two other women, took his own life while in jail in August 2010.) Ethiopia’s Deriba Merga won the Boston Marathon in 2:08:42, almost a full minute ahead of Kenya’s Daniel Rono; Salina Kosgei of Kenya won the women’s race in 2:32:16.
One year ago
A magnitude 7 earthquake struck the steep hills of China’s southwestern Sichuan province, leaving nearly 200 people dead.