Highlight in History
On March 18, 1963, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Gideon v. Wainwright, ruled unanimously that state courts were required to provide legal counsel to criminal defendants who could not afford to hire an attorney on their own.
On this date
In 1766, Britain repealed the Stamp Act of 1765.
In 1937, some 300 people, mostly children, were killed in a gas explosion at a school in New London, Texas.
In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order authorizing the War Relocation Authority, which was put in charge of interning Japanese-Americans, with Milton S. Eisenhower (the younger brother of Dwight D. Eisenhower) as its director.
In 1959, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Hawaii statehood bill. (Hawaii became a state on Aug. 21, 1959.)
In 1965, the first spacewalk took place as Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov went outside his Voskhod 2 capsule, secured by a tether.
In 1974, most of the Arab oil-producing nations ended their embargo against the United States.
In 1980, Frank Gotti, the 12-year-old youngest son of mobster John Gotti, was struck and killed by a car driven by John Favara, a neighbor in Queens, N.Y. (The following July, Favara vanished, the apparent victim of a gang hit.)
In 1990, thieves made off with 13 works of art from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston (the crime remains unsolved).
Ten years ago
A jury in Corpus Christi, Texas, cleared Bayer Corp. of liability in a $560 million lawsuit that accused the pharmaceutical giant of ignoring research linking the cholesterol-lowering drug Baycol to dozens of deaths. In Salt Lake City, Brian Mitchell and Wanda Barzee were charged with aggravated kidnapping, sexual assault and burglary in the abduction of Elizabeth Smart, who was found with them six days earlier. (Although both were initially found incompetent to stand trial, Mitchell was eventually convicted of kidnapping and sexual assault, while Barzee pleaded guilty to kidnapping and unlawful transportation charges.) Olympic gold medal figure skater Sarah Hughes won the Sullivan Award as the nation’s top amateur athlete.
Five years ago
Democrat Barack Obama confronted America’s racial divide head-on with a speech in Philadelphia in which he urged the nation to break “a racial stalemate we’ve been stuck in for years.” German Chancellor Angela Merkel earned a standing ovation from Israel’s parliament with a speech that included a tribute to the victims of the Holocaust. Oscar-winning filmmaker Anthony Minghella (“The English Patient”) died in London at age 54.
One year ago
Mitt Romney scored an overwhelming win in Puerto Rico’s Republican presidential primary, trouncing chief rival Rick Santorum.
Highlight in History
- National, International News
Anti-gov’t mass rally in Ukraine turns violent
A protest by about 300,000 Ukrainians angered by their government’s decision to freeze integration with the West turned violent Sunday, when a group of demonstrators besieged the president’s office and police drove them back with truncheons, tear gas and flash grenades. Dozens of people were injured.
Egypt police clear protesters; constitution agreed
Police fired tear gas to drive hundreds of supporters of Egypt’s ousted Islamist president from Cairo’s famed Tahrir Square on Sunday, as a panel tasked with amending the constitution adopted during his time in office agreed on changes to the text.
NYC train derailment kills 4, hurts more than 60
A New York City commuter train rounding a riverside curve derailed Sunday, killing four people and injuring more than 60 in a crash that threw some riders from toppling cars and swiftly raised questions about whether excessive speed, mechanical problems or human error could have played a role.
Critical thinking hallmark of Common Core class
Remembering the plot of a short story is no longer good enough in teacher Amy Lawson’s fifth-grade classroom.
Today’s students are being asked to think more critically. For example, what might a character say in an email to a friend?
Today in History for Monday, Dec. 2, 2013
Today is Monday, Dec. 2, the 336th day of 2013. There are 29 days left in the year.
Mother on crashed plane led searchers to wreckage
A mother on board a plane that crashed in remote southwest Alaska made a frantic phone call for help resuscitating her 5-month-old baby, then left the fatally injured boy to lead searchers hampered by cold and fog to the crash site.
Egypt panel begins voting on draft constitution
The panel amending Egypt’s suspended constitution began voting Saturday on some 250 changes, the first step toward democratic rule following the July military coup that ousted the country’s president.
Scottish holiday marred by police helicopter crash
Scotland’s official holiday was transformed into a grim day of mourning Saturday as emergency crews searched the wreckage of a riverside pub smashed by a falling police helicopter. At least eight people died and more than a dozen remained hospitalized with serious injuries.
Publicist: ‘Fast & Furious’ star dies in car crash
Paul Walker, the star of the “Fast & Furious” movie series, died Saturday in a car crash that killed two people north of Los Angeles, his publicist said. He was 40.
Today in History for Sunday, Dec. 1, 2013
Today is Sunday, Dec. 1, the 335th day of 2013. There are 30 days left in the year.
- More National, International News Headlines
- Anti-gov’t mass rally in Ukraine turns violent